Nâzım Hikmet Ran

Nâzım Hikmet had fallen in love with Münevver Berk who had regularly come to see him last two years of his imprisonment. He divorced Piraye Hanım and started to live with Münevver Berk. They had son in 1951 and they named him Mehmet. At the same time Nâzım Hikmet was called up for military service […]

Nâzım Hikmet had fallen in love with Münevver Berk who had regularly come to see him last two years of his imprisonment. He divorced Piraye Hanım and started to live with Münevver Berk. They had son in 1951 and they named him Mehmet. At the same time Nâzım Hikmet was called up for military service at the age of 49.  He understood that he had no chance to live in Turkey. One day he escaped across the Bosporus in a tiny motor boat by the help of her wife’s brother. He passed in Rumanian cargo ship after the ship’s captain had received approval from Bucharest. Adnan Menderes government declared Nâzım Hikmet as a traitor and he was stripped of his Turkish citizenship. After several governments have served in the country since that decision was taken, Nâzım Hikmet was given back his citizenship in 2009, ridiculously, by Recep Tayyip Erdoğan.

When Nâzım Hikmet reached Moscow, he felt very disappointed. He found Moscow very changed. Soviet Union had already lost the revolution excitement, the power of the proletarian had already passed into Stalin’s hand. When Nâzım Hikmet asked about his old friend, he learnt that they all suffered the rage of Stalin who was ruling the Soviet Union by one-man dictatorship. In 1952 he became an administrators of the Council and his new position rescued him staying in Moscow. He travelled widely and attended meetings in several countries.

Nâzım Hikmet stayed for three months in the Barvikha Sanatorium because of the pains in his chest. Nâzım Hikmet and Dr. Galina who had fallen love with Nâzım Hikmet met there. Nâzım Hikmet didn’t leave her love unanswered. When he left hospital, Dr. Galina was assigned to be the special doctor of the . In 1955 something unexpected happened. Nâzım Hikmet experienced a new love storm for Vera Tulyakova. They ended their relation by marriage on 18 November 1960.

Nâzım Hikmet met his family in Warsaw after he married Vera Tulyakova. The meeting didn’t pass well. Münevver had already known Vera who was also unhappy about the events happening around her. Nâzım Hikmet decided to keep his family and Vera away. He left his family in Poland and returned to Moscow. He never saw them again.

A Soviet Union passport which he has been expecting for many years was given to him in January 1962. Nâzım Hikmet didn’t abstain from participating in the meetings in Prague, Berlin and Bucharest in the same year although his health was getting worse every day. After he returned to Moscow at the end of April, he wrote the poem named “Cenaze Merasimim” (My Funeral Rite). Turkish master poet died of a heart attack at his house in Moscow on the morning of 3 June 1963. He was buried in the Novodeviciy Cemetery with a ceremony held by the Authors Union.


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